DEVIL'S DEN STATE PARK
11333 West Arkansas Highway 74
West Fork, AR 72774
Lee Creek Valley, a picturesque setting in northwest Arkansas's
Ozarks Mountains--ancient sedimentary mountains renowned for their
natural beauty and lush oak-hickory forest--was selected as a park
site in the 1930s. The Civilian Conservation Corps used native
materials to craft the parkís CCC/Rustic style wood and stone
structures including an impressive native stone dam that spans Lee
Creek in the heart of the park forming peaceful 8-acre Lake Devil.
Devil's Den is called one of the best-preserved Civilian Conservation
Corps (CCC) park developments in the United States and contains the
largest sandstone crevice cave area in the country.
The Arkansas Archeological Survey in 1979 recorded eleven archaeological
sites at the park. Six sites are prehistoric and indicate the presence
of Native Americans as far back as 8,000 years. Archaeological evidence
of European-American settlement indicates that whites probably settled
in the area before 1836, the year Arkansas became the twenty-fifth
state. Settlement of upper Lee Creek Valley steadily increased during
the 1840s and 1850s, with settlement of the area reaching its height
from 1880 to 1920.
The most unique portion of the park is the sandstone crevice area,
which contains approximately sixty crevice caves. The longest is
Devilís Den Cave, extending 550 feet into the hillside. Geologists
believe that, between 10,000 and 70,000 years ago, about thirty acres
of hillside collapsed and slid into the valley, causing massive blocks
of sandstone to fracture and form numerous crevices and caves. In 1982,
the Devilís Den Crevice Cave Area was placed on the Arkansas Natural
Heritage Commissionís Registry of Natural Areas. The crevice caves
provide a habitat for numerous bat species, including the Ozark big-eared
bat, an endangered species. The bats hibernate in Big Ear Cave, one
of only four known caves in Arkansas considered essential to the
survival of the species. While park-goers can explore caves and
crevices throughout the park, Big Ear Cave is off-limits and protected
by a special alarm system. One of the most popular annual events at
the park is Bat-O-Rama, which addresses the parkís expanding colony of
big brown bats.
Devilís Den has hiking, mountain biking, and backpacking trails that
lead to caves, crevices, and bluff overlooks.
To reach Devil's Den State Park, travel eight miles south of
Fayetteville on I-540 to Exit #53 (West Fork), then go 17 miles
southwest on Ark. 170; or I-540 at Exit #45 (Winslow) and go 7
miles west on Ark. 74 to the park.
To reach the park office or make campsite reservations call
The Encyclopedia of Arkansas - Devil's Den by Arkansas Dept. of
Parks and Tourism
To return to Washington County Map,click here!